Surgical Steel takes its name from the type of steel that is used for the creation of surgical instruments. In the world of modern jewelry it is used for the creation of rings, pendants, necklaces, piercings and earrings.

Types of surgical steel:

Surgical steel is a non-scientific term used to classify steel used in jewelry. However, there are specific classifications used to identify the type of steel in a given piece.
The most common types are 316L and 316LVM.
The abbreviation "L" refers to low carbon emissions, at 0.03%, while "LVM" stands for "low carbon vacuum manufacture".
The most common type of steel used to make jewellery is 316L surgical steel and I will explain the main reasons for this later:

It is not porous:

Surgical steel is not porous; this characteristic makes it very resistant to stains, as the substances deposited on the surface can be removed very easily. This quality is particularly important because dust, dirt and microbes cannot penetrate the surface of the metal, making it extremely hygienic and easy to sterilize.

It is resistant to corrosion:

As a rule, the higher the chromium content, the more corrosion resistant the steel is. This is why surgical steel is particularly resistant to corrosion. Pure iron rust with extreme ease. However, the chromium in the surgical steel reacts with the oxygen in the air to create an invisible barrier, preventing iron and oxygen from forming rust. This is essential for the steel used for piercing as body fluids are highly caustic.

It is Hypoallergenic

Surgical steel is a highly hypoallergenic material, which means that very rarely do people experience allergic reactions to this material. While many implant devices are made of more inert materials such as titanium, many others, such as bone screws, continue to be made of stainless surgical steel, precisely because of the minimal risk of allergic reactions.We can therefore conclude by saying that the popularity of surgical steel in jewelry making is due to the fact that people with metal allergies do not experience symptoms when using surgical steel; that surgical steel is harder than other metals, such as gold and silver, and is therefore more difficult to damage; and finally its chemical composition makes it almost scratch-free and allows it to withstand corrosive elements such as sweat, dust and water more efficiently.